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Salzburg


Introduction
SalzbergThere is a story that when Salzburg was liberated at the end of World War II by the Rainbow Division of the Allied Forces, its commander, Harry J. Collins, was so captivated by the extraordinary sight of the city and its Alpine surroundings that he asked to be buried there upon his death. His wish was fulfilled in 1966, when he was given a grave of honour in St. Peter’s Cemetery. Apart from its architectural and scenic beauty, Salzburg is also famous for its greatest son, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, the greatest musician of the 18th century.

Salzburg is capital of the province by the same name and also the fourth largest city of Austria. Located on the both sides of river Salzach, the city is situated near the Southern Germany border in Central Austria. With a history of more than 2,000 years, Salzburg prides on its great heritage and role in the future of modern Europe.

Salzburg was not the original name of the city. Before this, it was named as Iuvavum, an administrative centre during the Roman times. Salzburg literally means Salt Castle. This was because of the large deposits of the salt and mineral ores in the surrounding area of Salzburg. The city today is a major tourist destination and the site of the famed Salzburg Festival.

PART OF CIRCUIT
Salzburg is the part of Central Austrian Circuit comprising all the major destinations in the Salzburg province.

What to do
City of desires, as it is popularly called, Salzburg has everything that a tourist wants. To start with, you can engage yourself in the sightseeing in and around Salzburg. For the restless in you, the city provides enough opportunities like amateur flying, bowling, camping, cross county skiing, golf courses, go-carts, hiking, horseback riding, ice skating, mountain climbing, movie watching, rafting, shopping, swimming, squash and tennis playing and many more. It is more of your choice as to what option you like most.

City at a Glance
Latitude47°48’ N
Longitude13°00’E
Population1,45,000
LanguageGerman
ReligionChristianity
Telephone Code00 43 662
History
Salzburg was an administrative centre of the Roman imperial province of Noricum, which included the present-day territories of Upper Austria, Lower Austria below the Danube, Eastern Tyrol, Syria, and Carinthia. Having many natural defences around attracted several future empires to Salzburg. With the disintegration of the Roman Empire, its occupation of the city also ended. Barbarian invasion not only killed the people of the city but also destroyed its beauty and Salzburg remained in the ruins for the next two centuries (6th and 7th) until the arrival of Bishop Rupert of Worms at the beginning of 8th century. The city was rebuilt and a church dedicated to St. Peters constructed. This was the time of great missionary activities and the entire population in and around the place was converted to Christianity.

With the attack of Magyars on Austria in the 10th century, the extended territory of Salzburg was lost. The rule of the Magyars remained for around one hundred years and ended when Emperor Otto crushed the Magyar forces in AD 955. The reign of the archbishop led to growth in the power and wealth of the city. The archbishops had the support of the emperor as they always sided with them in all the matters of dispute. By the 13th century, the glory of Salzburg reached its pinnacle and it became one of the leading cities of the Austrian Empire. Despite all the glory and wealth the city amassed, archbishops never allowed the local populace a say in matters of importance. This led to many protests and peasant revolutions in the 15th and 16th century.

Archbishop Wolf Dietrich von Raitenau (1587–1611) was the greatest of all the archbishops that the city saw. The city of Salzburg that we appreciate today is more and less his gift. The entire city was remodelled, rebuilt, and previous structures were razed down. Italian architect Vincenzo Scamozzi was called upon to rebuilt the city and the result was a city with five squares and a new cathedral. Dietrich could not fulfil his dream entirely, as he was attacked and captured by the Bavarian Duke and died in the Salzburg Fortress.

The eighteenth and nineteenth centuries were the time of uncertainties for the city as one after another treaties put the city under the control of Bavaria. Salzburg achieved independence in the mid-18th century, which was also the time of unrest in Austria. In the next 100 years, Salzburg saw many important events taking place that finally culminated in the invasion of German troop’s under Hitler.

Weather and Best Season to Visit
Due to its dual importance of architectural sightseeing and winter sports, Salzburg is a round-the-year destination. The busiest season in the summer is July and August while mid-December to late March is the high time for winter sports. The city can be uncomfortably hot in the summers and you can expect bargain prices in the hotels during this time. Most of the rush comes with Christmas, New Year, and in the month of February.

HIGHLIGHTS/ ATTRACTIONS
Mozart Square
This is the ideal starting point for a tour to the city of Salzburg. The statue of Mozart and St. Michael’s church dominates the square.

Hohensalzburg Fortress
Hohensalzburg Fortress is the largest fully preserved fortress in central Europe. The fortress was built in AD 1077 and extended greatly by Archbishop Leonhard von Keutschach around AD 1500. The fortress was finally completed under Prince Archbishop Max Gandolf Kuenberg in 1681.

Hellbrunn Palace and park
This is the early Baroque pleasure palace built by Santino Solari (1612–1615) under Prince Archbishop Markus Sittikus. There are festival hall and Octagon with wall and ceiling frescoes by Arsenio Mascagnis. The major attractions of the palace are extensive Baroque gardens with the famous trick fountains, the mechanical theatre (1750) and the "stone theatre" where the first opera was performed in the German-speaking world in 1617.

Mozart's Birthplace
The house occupied by Mozart and his family today contains the objects used by Mozart. Exhibitions are organized on a regular basis here.

Museum of Natural History
The Museum of Natural History is known for its world-famous natural history collection, reptile collection, aquarium, and outer-space shows.

Mozart Residence Mozart's Residence with the Mozart Sound and Film Museum
W. A. Mozart lived in this house from AD 1773 to 1780. The house has been now converted into a museum, which documents the history of the building and the life of Mozart family.Mozart Sound and Film Museum is located in the same house and its archive contains material relating to the interpretation of Mozart’s works, documentary, and feature films.

Salzburg's Residenz Gallery
It is an art gallery maintained by the Province of Salzburg. The treasures include 15 historic rooms and European paintings from the 16th to 19th centuries.

Other important places of interest are former archiepiscopal Residenz, Toy Museum, Stiegl’s Brauwelt, and Salzburg’s Carolino Auguseteum Museum.

GETTING AROUND
You can visit places like Mauthausen, Werfen, Kitzbuhel, Zel Amm See and many more places around Salzburg. The entire province of Salzburg can be described as a musical country and the journey can be better named as the musical journey.

IMPORTANT FESTIVALS AND EXHIBITIONS
It is not an exaggeration to call Salzburg the city of festivals. The place hosts around 3,500 festivals in a year and the choices are varied. Some of the most famous festivals in the city are Salzburg Festivals (in the month of July/August every year), Easter Festival, Whitsun Festival (first week of June every year), Advent Singing (December), Salzburg Cultural Days, and many more fairs, events, and cultural programmes.

AFTER HOURS
Options are varied to spend the evenings in Salzburg and it includes cinemas, theatres, cultural programmes, shopping, clubs, and bars and pubs. Some of the clubs that you might like to visit are Half Moon, Mexicano Keller, Old Grenadier, Seven, and Urbankeller. It is up to you to decide what you would like to engage in.

SHOPPING
Salzburg is the city that is full of quaint gasses or alleys lined with speciality stores or gift shops. The best of the shops are in Getreidegasse and Judengasse, with more shops around Residenzplatz. You can also find high-quality leather goods, contemporary and antique pieces, craft items like hand-blown glass to silk scarves and blouses, and chocolate dipped with nougat, marzipan, and pistachios in foil wrapped balls named Mozart Kugeln.

VISITOR INFORMATION AND IMPORTANT ADDRESSES
Tourist Office
City Tourist Office
Salzburg Congress, Auerspergstrasse
6/7, A-5020 Salzburg
Phone: 662/889 87-0
Fax: 662/889 87-66

Airport Information Office
Airport, Arrivals
Phone: 85 12 11, 85 20 91, 85 80-999
Fax 85 34 59

Travel Agencies
Albatros Travel Service / Albatros Incentives / Albatros Traumhochzeiten Ges.m.b.H., Bergstrasse 22
Phone: 88 16 71-0, fax 88 16 79

American Express Bank LTD.
Mozartplatz 5-7
E-mail: info@amex.co.at

Reisen und Freizeit,
Ferdinand-Hanusch-Platz 1
Eine Marke der TUI- Reisecenter Austria GmbH
Phone: 80 41-321, 322

WHERE TO STAY
The city has a very good range of accommodation options available. Many of the international chains have opened up their hotels here and provide quality service to their guests. There are around 146 hotels in Salzburg with 9,826 rooms distributed from one star to five stars. Besides, there are six youth hostels, five campsites and a good number of private rooms in the city limits.

Crowne Plaza Salzburg Pitter
Rainerstrasse 6 8
Salzburg, Austria

Best Western Hotel Elefant
Sigmund-Haffner-Gasse 4
Salzburg, Austria

Renaissance Salzburg Congress Center Hotel
Fanny-Von-Lehnert-Strasse 7

Salzburg, Austria

WHERE TO EAT
There are more than 400 restaurants, bars, and coffee houses in Salzburg. This includes around 204 restaurants, 80 cafés, 67 bars and pubs, and 53 taverns within the city limit. You can find most of the restaurants around the Getreide Gasse and Dom.



Bayrischer Hof
Kaiserschützenstrasse 1
A-5021 Salzburg
Phone: 0662 469 70-0
Fax: 0662 469 70-25

Doktorwirt
Glaserstrasse 9
A-5026 Salzburg
Phone: 0662 62 89 75-0
Fax: 0662 62 29 73-24

TRAVEL INFORMATION
Air
W. A. Mozart Airport is situated at a distance of only 4 km from the city centre. Transfers by airport coaches and taxies are possible within 15 minutes. There are regular flights to Amsterdam, Brussels, Düsseldorf, Frankfurt, London, Paris, Zurich, Vienna and other places from Salzburg.

Rail
Salzburg Central Railway is located at 10 minutes walk from Salzburg Congress. Salzburg is at the international railway map and connected by Eurocity, Intercity, and Interrigo railway networks.

Road
Salzburg is the hub of European Motor Network and connected to other cities in Europe like Vienna, Munich and Villach by motorways. Major networks are A1 between Salzburg and Vienna, A8 between Munich and Salzburg and A10 for Villach.

Local transport
Buses and taxis are the most preferred and accessible local transport modes.